Incarnation of Vishnu as a Turtle
||Avatar of Vishnu|
LakshmiLord Vishnu Has ten Avatars, whom of which this is the second
In Hinduism, Kurma (Sanskrit: कूर्म; Kūrma) was the
second Avatar of
succeeding Matsya and preceding Varaha. Like Matsya this incarnation also
occurred in Satya yuga. The temples
dedicated to Kurma are located in Kurmai, of Chittoor district of
Andhra Pradesh and Srikurmam, Andhra
Samudra manthan (The Churning of the ocean)edit
Purana scripture indicates that
the sage Durvasa had given a garland to
Indra, the king of
Gods. Indra placed the garland around his elephant, but the animal trampled it,
insulting the sage. Durvasa then cursed the gods to lose their immortality,
strength, and divine powers. After losing the kingdom of heaven, they approached
He advised that they had to drink the nectar of immortality to regain their
glory. To obtain it, they needed to churn the ocean of milk, a body of
water so large they needed Mount Mandara as the
churning staff, and the serpent Vasuki as the churning rope. The
Devas were not strong enough to churn on their own, and declared peace with
their foes, the Asuras, to enlist their help.
Finally, Mount Mandara churned, but the force was so great the mountain began
to sink into the ocean of milk. Taking the form of the turtle Kurma, Vishnu bore the mountain on his
back as they churned the waters.
Fourteen precious things arose from the turbulent ocean, culminating with Dhanvantari, the physician
of the gods, who brought with him the nectar of immortality.
The Asuras immediately took the nectar, and quarreled amongst themselves.
Vishnu then manifested himself as the beautiful Mohini and tricked the Asuras to
retrieve the potion, which he then distributed to the Devas. Though the Asuras
realized the trick, it was too late—the Devas had regained their powers, and
were then able to defeat their foes.
There are three temples dedicated to this incarnation of Vishnu in India, Kurmai of Chittoor
District of Andhra Pradesh, Sri Kurmam
in Andhra Pradesh, and
Gavirangapur in the Chitradurg District of Karnataka. The name of the
village Kurmai mentioned above originated as there is historical temple of Kurma
Varadarajaswamy(Kurmavatar of Lord Vishnu) god in this village.
|Data Arrangement, Technical Arrangement & Graphics|
|♦ Master Murugan Chillayah - Silambam Academy|
|References ( Kurma )|