Varma Kalai

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Thodu Varmam ( Minor Varmam points which activated by fingers / hands ) ( Tamil தமிழ் : தொடு வர்மம் - Toṭu Varmam )
96 Vital Points triggered by a touch. Not deadly, but will affect the victim by disabling the body, organ movements and function. A touch or a small push with a finger or a beating in these places make one faint with many side effects like fits etc. In some cases the organs will get affected for a specific period such as 15 days, 30 days, 45 days etc.

Thus there are 108 Varmam mentioned by Siddha's in a human body. They are located in the places such as :

Vital Points
Part of Human body
37 places Places above neck ( கழுத்து மேலே புள்ளிகள் - Kaḻuttu mēlē )
34 places Places below neck ( கழுத்துக்கு கீழே - Kaḻuttukku kīḻē )
16 places Places back of the body ( உடல் பின்னால் - Uṭal piṉṉāl )
11 places Places in legs ( கால்கள் - Kālkaḷ )
10 places Places in hands ( கைகள் - Kaikaḷ )

Padu Varmam ( Major Varmam points which activated by fingers / hands due to injury)
12 Vital Points that are fatal, causing immediate, severe effects upon the victim.

Thattu Varmam ( Varmam points which stimulated by tapping / blows ) ( Tamil தமிழ் : தட்டு வர்மம் - Taṭṭu Varmam )
Decisive Vital points in 8 places in the chest and abdomen area that are used by the master. These are kept confidential until the master pass on the knowledge to the selected disciple.

Urinjal Varmam ( Varmam points which stimulated by sucking before/after use Uuthu Varmam )
"Receiving methods"

Uuthu Varmam ( Varmam points which stimulated by blowing using mouth ) ( Tamil தமிழ் : ஊது வர்மம் - ūtu Varmam )
"Sending methods"
e.g. Decisive Vital points that are used by the master. Master ( Aasan ) chew small piece of dry ginger and blow the air into nose and ears of patience to help reduce some Varmam related problem. Betel leaf air also can be used if dry ginger not available, because both have anti-vayu property. Ginger air will dislodge the stagnant vayu and stimulate good energy flow through whole body, and thus patience will become conscious. This blowing method used because some Varmam points can't be reach in-depth by finger / touch. These are kept confidential until the master pass on the knowledge to the selected disciple.

Nakku Varmam ( Varmam points which stimulated by licking ) ( Tamil தமிழ் : நக்கு வர்மம் - Nakku Varmam )
e.g. Using licking method to reduce hard/heavy pressure on Varmam points. Decisive Vital points that are used by the master. These are kept confidential until the master pass on the knowledge to the selected disciple.

Thodu Varmam ( Varmam points which stimulated by touch ) ( Tamil தமிழ் : தொடு வர்மம் - Toṭu Varmam )

Parechal Varmam

Koochal Varmam

Sumbana Varmam

Thadavu Varmam / Thadavu Murai / Valippu ( Varmam points which stimulated by rubbing / massage either/neither with herbal oils )
e.g. If cramped/twisted muscles, rubbing message will be used to ease the pain. Some appropriate herbal oil/ointment -siddha/ayurveda remedies (which appropriate with Vatha/Pitta/Kabha of varmam attack) were also used for best stimulation/effect. Application of herbal oil/ointment usually done at exact opposite side of body/part of pain to counter the varmam points damages. Chakra energy flows is very important while giving this massage. After completion of Thadavu Murai, pulling the patience fingers and toes is essential to make blood flow smoother to area of pain. Appropriate herbal medication may given to patience to consume in order to reduce further pain/swelling or for better healing.

Thuppu Varmam ( Varmam points which stimulated by spitting the herbs )

Sunonitha Varmam

Sukkila Varmam

Choondu Varmam

Nooku Varmam ( Tamil தமிழ் : நோக்கு வர்மம் - Nōkku Varmam ) and Meitheenda Kalai / Meitheenda Kaalam
Triggering vital points by focusing / staring / concentrating on the target. It takes several years of practice for 1 to become an expert in Nooku Varmam. It is said Nokku Varmam and Meitheenda Kaalam are so highly vulnerable so that a mere gaze at these areas of the body itself will do to down the man. In olden days Aasan had used Nokku Varmam and Meitheenda Kaalam to control enemies and wild animals.

Classifications of Varma Points

Human body is divided into 5 areas in which Varmam ( Varma points ) and there are 108 Varmam's ( Vital points ) :

Vital Points
Part of Human body
25 From Top of the Head till Neck ( தலை மேல் கழுத்து வரைக்கும் - Talai mēl Kaḻuttu Varaikkum )
45 From Neck till Naval Point
9 From Naval Point till Anus
14 Arms
15 Legs

The same 108 Varmams are classified under different categories. One such classification is based on 12 nerves ( or a meridian channel ) in the nervous system. Each meridian channel consists of 1 Padu Varmam and 8 Thodu Varmam ( Tamil தமிழ் : தொடு வர்மம் - Toṭu Varmam ).

Vital Points
Varmam Type
96 Thodu Varmam ( Tamil தமிழ் : தொடு வர்மம் - Toṭu Varmam )
12 Padu Varmam

The number of Varmams (108) various between various schools of Varmam.

Based on Indian Astrology :

Vital Points
Varmam Based On
27 Stars ( Hindu Astrological )
30 Lunar
35 Padu Varmam

Based on the text Naramparai, written by Kumbamuni Siddha :

Vital Points
18 Padu Varmam
96 Thodu Varmam ( Tamil தமிழ் : தொடு வர்மம் - Toṭu Varmam )
8 Pakka Varmam
86 Narambu Elumbu Varmam
45 Maru Varmam

Based on yet another classification :

Vital Points
65 Vata Varmam (Air)
24 Pitta Varmam (Heat)
6 Kapha Varmam (Cool)
12 Concealed Varmam

According to Vaidhiya murai ( Healing therapy under Siddha medicine ) the vital points are explained as :

Vital Points
64 Vadha Varmam
24 Pitha Varmam
6 Kaba Varmam
6 Ul Varmam
8 Thattu Varmam ( Tamil தமிழ் : தட்டு வர்மம் - Taṭṭu Varmam )

108 Varmams Specification

Varmam points are the vital points which present all over the body; many literatures quoted that there are totally 108 varmam points. They are in the pathway of dhasanaadi, dhasavayu, saram. They pass the pranan energy from sole of the foot to universe through the nose. The naadis present in the forehead are 7000, in both ears 3300, in both eyes 4000, in nose 3380, in pidari and shoulder region 6000. According to "Narambu Vagada Soothiram Thiravukol", literature's uniqueness stands for it's quotes regarding of:

  • 32 Urruppukal
  • Narambukal
  • Narambu Suzhikal
  • Narambu Mudichugal
  • 72,000 Nadikal
  • 64 Kalaikal (with several sub-branches of unique Kalaikal)
  • Aagaa kaalam
  • Parisothanai kaalam
  • Mudiyatra kaalam
  • Meitheenda kaalam
  • 4448 Noikal
  • Sara Otta Pathaigal

Those varmam points mentioned in the text with their locations are in Paripashai (hidden meaning), so this art will be learnt thoroughly from Aasan (Masters/Gurus), a therapist can perform a Varmam treatment in a right way. Those Aasan will not teach this art to every one , as they will select the suitable sichiyans (students), after many tests in considerable days to ensure their saatvic characterness and obediency. There are 12 Padu varmam, 6 Ull varmam, 8 Thattu varmam and 96 Thodu varmam, in this literature as brief details were shown below (in alphabetical order).

Padu varmam: 12

According to Varma sastras these are 12 in number. These points are mainly situated in the pathway of Vagus nerve, main vessels and internal organs. If a Paduvarmam point hit by humans or weapons the man will die immediately or after some time. If the mathirai level is ¾ or 1 the man will definitely die. If the mathirai level is ¼ or ½ we can save the man by proper treatment and medication. By treatment we can save the life but after some years it may create some problems in our body, by taking medicine for Pazhaya varmam we can definitely save the life. The first varmam point that created in our body Thilartha kaalam, it is in the literature of Narambu vagada suthira thiravugol, varmakandi, varma chuthiram. But some other literatures noted that Uchi padhappa kaalam is the first point, the literatures are Varma beerangi, Varma kannadi. These points are very important, because we can calculate the other varmam points by these points only.

  1. Adapakalam / (Adappa kaalam) – below armpit
  2. Athichuruki varmam / (Athi churukki kaalam) – Just above the hip near superior iliac spine
  3. Kannadi kaalam – in the centre of the nose
  4. Koombu varmam – Bottom of the sternum
  5. Lingathara varmam
  6. Moolathara varmam / (Mooladhara varmam) – in coccyx
  7. Natchathira kaalam – near the lateral end of the orbit of the eye
  8. Nurai eeral varmam
  9. Pidari kaalam
  10. Thilartha kaalam (Centre of the eyebrow)
  11. Utchi padapa (Uchi Padhappam) kaalam – in the vertex of the skull
  12. Urumi kaalam – 4 fingers above the umbilicus

    confound points (updating in progress):
    - Chevi kuthi kaalam – back of the ear lobule (on the stylo mastoid foramen)
    - Kallidai kaalam – centre of the testis for men, centre of clitoris for women
    - Thummi kaalam – inter clavicular notch

Ul varmam: 6

These are totally 6 in numbers. These are very dangerous. If these points are damaged they will cause many sever problems, and after certain number of days the man will die. If the point is injured the man will develop psychic problems. They may cause the following problems deaf, heart failure, lung failure, Asthma, Ascites. The five sense organs will be affected by diseases.

  1. Iruthaya thattu varmam / (Irudhaya thattu)
  2. Ull moolai thattu varmam / (Ul moolai thattu)
  3. Koombu thattu varmam / (Kumbu thattu)
  4. Linga yoni varmam
  5. Meitheendakalam / (Meitheenda kaalam)
  6. Tharai thattu varmam

Thattu varmam: 8

They are eight in numbers. These points are mainly used in therapeutic aspect only. The points are situated in the Puratharai 8. If these points are injured It will mainly affect the kalai ottam. That will cause dyspnoea. The pitham will increase if the point injured. The eight points are:

  1. Aalli varmam / (Aali varmam)
  2. Komberi varmam / (Komberi kaalam)
  3. Karunya varmam
  4. Moothirakalam / (Moothira kaalam)
  5. Rathaasaya varmam / (Iratha saya varmam)
  6. Sanguthiri kaalam / (Sangu thiri kaalam) – in the adams apple
  7. Sirukudal aalli varmam / (Siru kudal aali varmam)
  8. Ullumikalam / (Ulumi kaalam)

Thodu varmam: 96

They are 96 in numbers. All the points are not dangerous, but some points show symptoms like Padu varmam injury. Some points will reduce the number of days in life; some points causes permanent disability or diseases. Some points will cause small injury and after some time it will rearrange the sara and kalai ottam itself. For example in ancient age siddhars used Urakka kaalam for anesthesia purpose during surgery. The mathirai to be given in the point for anesthesia was according to the type of surgery. The point induces the sleep according to the mathirai level. After some time the patient will wake up normally. In martial arts the point was used for temporary loss of coordination.

The varma points present in the body are 108, head and neck are 25. A song from a literature which giving details about the location of the points in the head and neck

"Thaanana thalai naduvil kondaikolli
Chanendrathukung keel cheerungolli
Oonana idharku nalangulathin keele
Utrathoru pidari varmamagum paru
Enana uchiyile irundhu ettu viral keel
Charidhi varmamenave solvar
Vanana idharku iru viralin keele
Magimayulla porchai endra kalame"

"Kaalamam adhukkum oru iraikkum keel
Ganamana kuthi endra kalamagum
Moolamam kadhil siruthandarugil thane
Murayan chevikuthi kalamenbar
Kalamam idhil irandiraikkum mele
Gunamana poigai endra kalamagum
Thoolamam kadaikannil iraikkulle than
Thulangugindra natchathira kalamenne"

"Ennave idhukkum irandiraikkum keele
Idhamana kamboodhari kalamagum
Thullave adharku mel valam irai moondril than
Surukkana moorthi endra kalamenbar
Munname sonnadhin keel arai iraikkulle
Murayana thilardhamendra kalamagum
Innume arai irayin keel minvetti varmam
Isaindha karuvizhiyarugil mandhirakalame"
"Mandhiramam kalathodaga varmam
Valuvaga irupuramumenave solvar
Andharamam machai nadu ner varmamagum
Adhukkum arai irayin keel pachi varmam
Sundharamam nasi mathi kannadi kaalam
Thulliyamai kanda nadu pala varmamagum
Mandhiramam adhanarugil sundigai kaalam
Sollu varmathin arugil kona varmame"

"Kuriyana cheviyin keel angulame naalil
Kurugira udhirakalamadhu agum agum
Neriyana keel naadi ottu varmam
Nindravai arugurandum urakka kaalam
Arivana kural valayil sangu thiri kaalam
Adhukkung keel angulam naalil simai varmandhan
Poriyana poriyadhu than kazhuthin mele
Poonda uchi thanaikkum keel pugalthavare"

  1. Allkaatti varmam
  2. Anil varmam
  3. Annakala varmam
  4. Annapoorani varmam
  5. Anjali varmam
  6. Appu varmam
  7. Arayappu varmam
  8. Arukon varmam
  9. Athisara varmam
  10. Baala varmam
  11. Balamani sudar varmam
  12. Bala kuzhi vatha varmam
  13. Boomi varmam
  14. Guru naadi varmam
  15. Iruppukala varmam
  16. Ilamangai varmam
  17. Ivirali varmam
  18. Kaareeral varmam
  19. Kaal pada varmam
  20. Kaal thumbikai varmam
  21. Kanu varmam
  22. Kanal pala varmam
  23. Kondancheeradi varmam
  24. Kai pitchai poruthu naankana varmam
  25. Kaikuzhi varmam
  26. Karu varmam
  27. Kathirkama varmam
  28. Kallali varmam
  29. Kevuli varmam
  30. Kurukku sushi varmam
  31. Kuttikai varmam
  32. Komberi kaalam
  33. Konnai varmam
  34. Koonai varmam
  35. Kuthirai muga varmam
  36. Kanukal varmam
  37. Karandai kaalam
  38. Karandai guru naadi varmam
  39. Kallalli siru madakki kaalam
  40. Kalotti varmam
  41. Kari idai kaalam
  42. Kottavi varmam
  43. Kozhunthu varmam
  44. Kerpa kaalam
  45. Kari idai kathar varmam
  46. Kuzhai varmam
  47. Kallu muthi kaalam
  48. Laalaada varmam
  49. Moorchai varmam
  50. Maradappa kaalam
  51. Manmatha mega varmam
  52. Mana vanni man thudi varmam
  53. Mulmunai nunil varmam
  54. Muttunni varmam
  55. Mannai kaalam
  56. Muttarisai kaalam
  57. Mum munai thandu varmam
  58. Nandidiki varmam
  59. Naanakuzhi varmam
  60. Nila varmam
  61. Naathamani varmam
  62. Naduvakurichi varmam
  63. Naanakol varmam
  64. Oorani varmam
  65. Oru pambu varmam
  66. Oru pambu varmam veru
  67. Parappa kaalam
  68. Paala varmam
  69. Panthu varmam
  70. Paasi varmam
  71. Peru viral idalpera varmam
  72. Perunkal thimir varmam
  73. Ratha pitha thasa varmam
  74. Surrappu varmam
  75. Sakkra varmam
  76. Sandamadaki varmam
  77. Sandaiki varmam
  78. Saraswathi varmam
  79. Senkamari varmam
  80. Suvasa kalai naadi varmam
  81. Thaarai varmam
  82. Theivu varmam
  83. Thara paikala varmam
  84. Thirupuvanam naankana varmam
  85. Thudai vazhai val varmam
  86. Theendaga varmam
  87. Thavalai varmam
  88. Ull sanguthiri ull thirintha kaalam
  89. Ullappa varmam
  90. Unthi varmam
  91. Unni varmam
  92. Uppu kuthi varmam
  93. Ural varmam
  94. Urakka kaalam – below the mandible, near to neck
  95. Vasaya varmam
  96. Vill varmam

    confound points (updating in progress):
    Kondai kolli – in the vertex of the skull
    Cheerungolli – 8 fingers from the back of kondai kolli
    Pidari varmam – 4 fingers from the back of cheerungolli
    Charidhi varmam – 8 fingers from kondaikolli in the lateral side of the skull above the ear
    Porchai kaalam – 2 fingers below the charidhi varmam
    Kuthi kaalam – 1 irai below to porchai kaalam
    Chevi kuthi kaalam – back of the ear lobule (on the stylo mastoid foramen)
    Poigai kaala varmam – 2 irai above chevikuthi
    Natchathira kaalam – near the lateral end of the orbit of the eye
    Kaamboodhati kaalam – 2 irai below the natchathira kaalam
    Moorthi kaala varmam – 3 irai near to kamboodhari kaalam in the medial side
    Thilartham – in the centre between the 2 eye brows
    Min vetti kaalam – ½ irai below thilartham
    Mandhira kaalam – it is situated between the eye and nose
    Neruppu varmam – in the centre of the vertebral column
    Pachi varmam – ½ irai below neruppu varmam
    Kannadi kaalam – in the centre of the nose
    Bala varmam – centre of the neck in the lateral aspect
    Sundigai kaalam – near bala varmam
    Kona varmam – near sundigai kaalam
    Udhira kaalam – four fingers below chevikuthi varmam
    Ottu varmam – in the centre of the mandible
    Simai varmam – 4 fingers below sangu thiri kaalam