|Sanskrit Transliteration||Adi Parashakti|
|Abode||Akshara Dhaam, Satyaloka(Brāhma's abode, Mt. Kailash(Shiva's abode) and Vaikuntha(Vishnu's abode)|
|Mantra||Aim Hreem Kleem|
|Mount||Chariot of seven lions|
According to Hindu mythology, Adi
Parashakti—the Goddess, Devi—is the Supreme Being and
recognized as Para Brahman.
The Devi Bhagwata
Mahapurana suggests that Adi Parashakti is the original creator, observer
and destroyer of the whole universe. Today's Scientist call her Supreme
Intelligence or Sacred Energy,
and she is known commonly around the world simply as God. It is she who created
everything which exists in the Universe. Hence Adi Parashakti is Param Prakriti. Goddess Durga is the original
manifested form of Mother Adi-Parashakti.She is Adi- Parashakti herself.
Durga or Parvati, the
goddess of power and beauty, is considered as her saguna svarupa (human
form). That is, Parvati or Durga is the truest material form of
the Goddess, possessing the three qualities (Sattva, rajas, or tamas). However,
ultimately the Goddess Adi Parashakti is also considered to be truly supreme spirit without
form (Param Atman). She is the Great Goddess, and therefore
the source of all other goddesses
Adi Parashakti means "The Eternally Limitless Power". That is, she is the Power beyond this
universe. She is the active energy that both creates and dissolves the entire
universe. Some sacred texts state that she
is the goddess Bhuvaneshvari.
In the Devi Gita, it is suggested that before incarnating as Parvati, she
appeared to King Himalaya and revealed divine, eternal knowledge to him. She
explained herself, in the words of the Vedas, as having neither beginning
nor end. She is the only, eternal truth. The whole universe is her creation and
she is the Para Brahman. She is the only victor and the manifestation of victory
itself. She is a manifested (Lord Brahma), transcendent (Lord Vishnu) and
unmanifested (Lord Shiva) divinity. She then
displayed her scarcely seen form to him: Satyaloka was located in her
forehead; the created universe were her hairs; the sun and moon were her eyes; in her ears
were the four directions; the
Vedas were her words; death, affection and emotion were her teeth; maya was manifested by
Adi Parashakti in
Except for Shakta Puranas, Adi Shakti has never been mentioned with the name
"Adi Shakti". But indirectly, they also consider her to be supreme being.
Adi shakti in Shaiva
Shiva Purana says Adi Parashakti incarnated in complete materialistic form as
Param Prakriti from the left half of Lord Shiva. Linga Purana recommends Adi
shakti's sagun swaroop i.e. Parvati assumed the form of Yoni and Shiva assumed
the form of Linga and their union brings evolution of life. Skanda
Purana and Markandeya Purana
talks about Durga
or Chandi as
divine mother of all creation and truest material form of Adi Shakti, however
Parvati is same as Durga by the same above mentioned scriptures.
Worshippers of Vishnu do not usually talk about Adi shakti directly but they
do depict the concept of Maya and Yogmaya, Radha as Mul Prakriti.
Vaishnav Scriptures like Vishnu Purana and Bhagwat
Purana also don't mention her in detail since both are talking about Mahalakshmi as Radha's expansion,
as mula prakriti.
On the contrary, Brahmand
Purana mentions that Adi parashakti divided herself to purusha and prakritki
from single seed. The first seed gave birth to Krishna in masculine and Kali in feminine form.
Because they were born from same seed hence considered as cosmic siblings. Kali
then converted herself to Lalita Tripursundri, then she
gave birth to two bubbles. From one bubble, there arose Vishnu, who gave birth
to Lord Brahma and Gowri, who incarnated as Sati then Parvati. Second bubble was
of Shiva and Radha. Radha further
expanded herself to Lakshmi, Saraswati and Ganga.
Adi Shakti in Shakta
The "Devi Bhagwat Purana" says that Shiva worshiped and meditated on
Adishakti for thousands of years, using the beej mantra "Kleem". She then
incarnated in front of him in the form of Sidhidaatri as such she appeared from
the left half of Lord Shiva. The same purana mentions Parvati, the goddess of power
and beauty, who is considered her Sagun Swaroop (human form). That is to say
Parvati is seen as the truest material form of
the Goddess, possessing the three qualities (Sattva, rajas, or tamas). The Goddess
Adi Parashakti is also considered to be the truly supreme spirit without
form (Param Atman). She is the Great Goddess, and all other goddesses and even all
the gods are her various forms, says
the Parvati Gita from Shakti Mahabhagwat Purana.
The conclusion to be reached from the above mentioned scriptures is that Parvati or Durga are the truest
material forms of Adi shakti. However Adi shakti is non different Nirguna Brahman, the truly supreme
spirit without form.
In Devi Mahatmaye, Trimurti and demigods praises Adi shakti:
Shrishti Sthiti Vnasaham Shakti Bhute Sanatane Guna Shaye
(Devoid of all attributes i.e. Nirgun) Gana maye (Having all the attributes)
Meaning: We bow to the first female (Narayani), The eternal energy who
creates, sustains and destroys all the elements i.e. tatva and the one who is
truly supreme spirit (Nirgun) at the time who encapsulate all the attributes for
Generation, Observation and Destruction.
Role in creationedit
In Srimad Devi Bhagwat Purana's 1st book and 4th chapter. Devi ordered and
instructed Trimurti as follows:
"I am Adi Parashakti, goddess Bhuvaneshvari. I am the owner of this universe.
I am the Absolute Reality. I am dynamic in feminine form and static in masculine
form. You have appeared to govern the universe through my energy. You are the
masculine form of Absolute Reality, while I am the feminine form of that
Reality. I am beyond form, beyond everything, and all the powers of God are
contained within me. You will admit that I am the Eternally Limitless
She then said: Brahma! You will be generator of the universe; the Goddess
Sharada is your Shakti, my form by which I will
be recognized as the goddess of wisdom and the primeval sound. Lord Brahma, this
goddess will be with you when you create the universe.
She continued: Lord of Lords, Narayana! You are the Supreme,
Immortal Spirit. You are formless, yet you take form. I assign you to be the
preserver of the universe. You will take a different incarnations in order to
save this universe's inhabitants. Oh Narayana! You are the Supreme of all the
deities with form. You have created Lord Brahma, and Brahma will further create
three hundred thirty million other gods and goddesses. My Great Power, goddess
Mahakali, has been born from your mystic sleep. You are the Paramatman. Your
consort will be goddess Shri, who is none other than the incarnation of my
light, as without light, one can neither see nor be seen. When life evolves, you
will take the form of Vishnu, the one who will perform the task of observing and
preserving this universe.
At Last she instructed: Oh Lord Rudra, the Greatest God, you are
the personification of time, which is above all. You will perform the task of
destroying and regenerating this universe. When you are formless, time stands
still. It is due to my power that you become dynamic and are capable of bringing
about the destruction and regeneration of this universe. Your consort is goddess
Mahakali, but due to meditation, you will be able to surpass all of my forms. It
is then that I will incarnate from your left half in my manifested form. This
form will be my truest manifested form. Lord Shiva, she will perform the task of
destroying evil and will be your consort.
Aum Shakti is used to describe the name of the goddess when she is without
and Modern Scienceedit
The concept of Adi shakti is very much similar to the modern discoveries in
the field of Modern science and technology. Energy is basic entity that is base
of all, as of Energy doesn't require a base. This is what when energy exist even
after destruction of Universe. Science named it, the
Dark Energy responsible for
destruction and Vacuum Energy which
creates universe. An energy that exist even after destruction and before
creation is called Zero Energy or Sacred
Energy or Supreme Intelliegence.
Scriptures like Devi Bhagwata Purana, four Vedas consider Kali as Dark energy
which dissolute complete universe along with time. Lalita gives birth to the
universe in the form of cosmic egg which later got banged to create manifested
universe. Ultimately, Adi shakti her self is the Zero Energy which exist even
after destruction of universe and before its creation.
Parashakti And Kundalini Shaktiedit
As we all know that, God lies in all beings in both dynamic and inactive
aspect. Inactive aspect of God is Supreme Soul and Active aspect of God is Adi
Parashakti. In all living beings God's both activated and Inactivated form lies
i.e. God is Omnipresent. As inactive form, God is there as Soul within us and in
activated form God is there as Kundalini Shakti, which
is epithet of Adi Parashakti.
Kundalini Shakti is basic source of energy in all Living
Beings. It is basic source of all powers we use in daily lives. Meditating
on kundalini, will bring not only fortune but also can control its emotions and
Association with Trimurti as their Power/Energyedit
In Devi Purana, It is written that when different sages were asking the great
sage Suta, who have listened the Purana from Lord
Krishna himself, that if all the puranas like Shiv Purana, Vishnu Puranas
etc. claims that if Trimuti are eternal and nobody is superior to them in this
Brahmanda (World) and also that trinity is oneness and oneness is trinity then
Please tell us who is Adi Parashakti, whom you are talking about? How she took
birth? When she was born. please tell us!
Suta Said There is no one who can answer you this. Since Brahma, Narada and other eternal sages
are bewildered by these questions. Some people worship Lord Vishnu having all
the powers and the one who is omnipresent. And some claiming Lord Shiva with
half body of Parvati is supreme. In Vedas it is written
that worship of Sun is
the best. They name highest soul Surya as Paramatama. Others claiming that Lord
Vishnu is actual expression of all the deities. The Great Brahmins provide
three proves called perception, inference, and verbal testimony. But some other
Brahmins added 4th proof to them that is resemblance. Another intelligent pandit
added fifth proof called circumstances, presumption, implication at last two
authors added two more proves called Sakshi and Aitijya. But Vedanta said that
Supreme Being and main source of Universe can not be analyzed through these
proves. One should have sure reason to claim. All are claiming and repeating one
name directly or indirectly i.e. Shakti or Energy. Who is actually omnipresent
in all beings. Shakti is there in Highest "Vishnu" to lowest "Insect". We
Worship because of energy, we walk because of shakti, we do all the activities
because of shakti. So How can "Creation/Preservation/Destruction" be done
without shakti. Shakti is required to get a soul into a body, Shakti is required
to sustain soul to live, Shakti is required to destroy/release from a Body. Even
if Kundalini Shakti be deprived from Lord Shiva then He will be a
Adi Shakti is regarded as the one who can control all the nine planets. She
divides herself to Material Shakti i.e. Durga who splits
herself to operate nine planets to maintain cosmic order, Vidya Shakti i.e. Kali as source for 10
incarnations of Lord Vishnu and Maya Shakti, to delude the beings to illusion
and also promotes the beings to Ultimate God. As Durga Shakti She is the one
who splits herself to NavaDurga provides direction
and energy to all planets.
- Sun is Governed by Kushmanda Shakti.
- Mahagauri operates Rahu.
- Kaalratri governs Shani.
- Ketu is governed by Goddess Sidhidhaatri.
- Provider of Knowledge i.e. Bhrasapati is governed by Goddess Katyayini
- Provider of All Fortunes i.e. Mangal is governed by Goddess
- The effect of moon is overcome by Goddess Shailputri
- Budh Planet is governed by Goddess Skandmata
- Shukra Planet is operated by Goddess Chandraghanta
By this contrast Goddess Adi Shakti controls Nava Greh. Worshipping the nine
goddess in Navaratri or Nine nights of mataji, saves you from dangerous effects
Association with ten avatars of Lord Vishnu as Vidya
As told above, Adi Shakti has divided herself to Material Shakti (Durga or
Parvati), Kali (Vidya Shakti) and Yog Maya (as Mayashakti). As Vidya Shakti she
splits herself to 10 kinds of eternal knowledge also known as 10 Mahavidya. The
ten goddesses are known as wisdom goddesses. As per tantras these ten goddesses
are original source of ten incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
- From Dhumavati, Lord Mastsya
- From BaglaMukhi, Lord Kurma
- From Bhairavi, Lord Varaha was
- From Chinnamasta, Lord
Narsingh was incarnated
- From TripurSundari, Lord
Vaamna was incarnated
- from Matangi, Lord Parshurama was
- From Tara, Lord Rama was
- From Kali,
Lord Krishna was incarnated
- From Kamala, Lord Buddha was
- From Bhuvaneshvari, Lord
Kalki will be incarnated
The information is sourced from Sri Devi Bhagwata Mahapurana.
Association with Beings (demi-gods, living beings and demons)
as Maya Shaktiedit
Goddess Adi Shakti lastly splits up as Maya, Mahamaya and Yogmaya. It is she
who actually creates three kinds of Maya such that One subordinate another. In
this respect, we have Yogmaya, Mahamaya and Maya.
She is the one who actually creates maya on gods and teach them what to do
and what not to do so that they can be connected to ultimate GOD. She
helped Lord Mahavishnu slay the demons Madhu and Kaitabha to save the world.
Moreover, she is also the one that who takes Lord Vishnu to mystic Sleep hence
called Yog Nindra of Lord Narayana. It is required by yogis, sages and bhaktas
so that they can be connected to GOD.
She is the goddess that destroys the upfold of illusion. She is the one that
creates and destroys maya. She is controlled by Yogmaya and hence subordinate to
YogMaya and senior to Maya. She emerges as seven mothers to destroy evil forces
of Shumbha and Nishumbha, Being Chamunda one of them. She is
required to gain physical strength, health, satvik attributes and demotes anger,
greed and arrogance.
She is the one who delude from GOD and takes any being to the world of
illusion. She promotes greed, anger, and arrogance. It is assumed that in the
Age of Kali Yug. Her effect is highest.
Adi Shakti in
portrays the concept of Adi Shakti. Difference is in the philosophy. In Sikhism,
Khanda, the symbol
of infinite Power of GOD is referred as "Adi Shakti", so
ultimately GOD is Adi Shakti. Basic theology is same, but they never depict Adi
shakti as Female, though they agree on the feminine attributes of Adi shakti.
Being female and having feminine attributes are same. Durga or Parvati, who is said to be
truest materialistic form of Adi Shakti as per Hinduism, are
manifestations of Adi Shakti to destroy demons as said in Chandi
di Var. Adi shakti, possessing female attributes also known as Bhagauti,
expresses herself as Durga or Parvati, the most powerful deity
Sikh Meditation quote praising Adishakti:
AdiShakti Namo Sarab Shakti Sarab Shakti Sarab Shakti Namo
Prithum Bhagauti Prithum Bhagauti,
Kundalini Mata Shakti, Mata Shakti Namo Namo
- Durga or
''Parvati, Sati is the original manifested
form of Mother Adi-Parashakti. She is Adi- Parashakti herself. The Devi
Gita declares her to be the greatest Goddess.Thus, She is
considered the supreme Goddess and primary deity in Shaktism, occupying a place
similar to Lord Krishna in Vaishnavism. Whatever
deity one is worshiping, ultimately, they are worshiping her. She is every
other goddess. She is Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Saraswati in
her mild form; Goddess Kali and Goddess Chandi in her wrathful
- Mahasaraswati is the
first partial expansion of Goddess Adi Parshakti. She represents the Sattva Guna
and is the shakti of Lord Brahma. She is
the goddess of wisdom, creation, and learning. She is the source of all of the
arts. It is she who slew Sumbha and
Nisumbha, who are symbols of ignorance. She was created from the body of
Mother Parvati and is the embodiment of her hard work, spirituality and devotion. She is
also known as Ambika Devi as per Durga Saptashati. She
wears yellow clothes when she takes form. When she is without form, she
becomes the Primordial
- Mahalakshmi is the
second partial expansion of Goddess Adi Parshakti. She is the goddess of the
material world and its preservation. She also brings good fortune and
spiritual satisfaction. She is the shakti of Lord Narayana and is
the bestower of all wealth and pleasure. She wears red Cloth. She was born
from Goddess Parvati's mind and later took birth as Katyayani.
She is also known as Chandi Devi as per Durga Saptashati.
Mother Mahalakshmi is the primary deity of the Raja Guna. When she is
formless, she becomes light.
- Mahakali is the third
partial expansion of Goddess Adi Parshakti. She is the goddess of spiritual
fulfillment as well as presiding over the destruction of the universe.
She gives salvation to mankind. She is
the shakti of
Lord Shiva. She helped Lord Mahavishnu slay the demons
Madhu and Kaitabha. She was born from
the eyes of Mahavishnu as YogMaya. Mahakali is same as Yogmaya also known as
Tamsi Devi as per Durga Saptashati. Mother Mahakali wears blue and presides
over the Tamas Guna. When she is formless, she
Adi Parashakti's appearance is described in the Kalika Purana, the Lalita Sahasranama,
and the Devi Bhagavata
Purana. According to the Devi Bhagavata Purana, the Goddess once invited the
Trimurti to her celestial abode. The Trimurti saw the goddess sitting on a
jeweled seat in a chariot drawn by seven lions. Her face contained the radiance
of millions of stars and her celestial beauty was so great that the Trimurti
were not able to look at her. They then realized that she was the energy
responsible for creating, preserving, and destroying the whole universe.
Adi Parashakti's resides in the "Imperishable Abode", or Akshara
Dhaam. It is a celestial palace where all goddesses, apsaras, yakshinis, and kinnaris reside.
According to Devi Bhagwat Purana, Adishakti is tridevi - Parvati, Lakshmi, Saraswati - the equal half and
eternal beloved consort of trimurti (the three aspects of
Godhead). It is her energy that governs this universe.
|Data Arrangement, Technical Arrangement & Graphics|
|♦ Master Murugan Chillayah - Silambam Academy|
|References ( Adi Parashakti )|
|♦ Brown, Cheever Mackenzie (1998). The Devī Gītā: the song of the Goddess; a translation, annotation, and commentary.|
|♦ Kinsley, David. Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions. ISBN 81-208-0379-5.|